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Research Process :: Step by Step


Different disciplines adopt different citation styles. Be sure you know the citation style for your chosen discipline and specific assignment. If in doubt, check with your instructor. 

No matter what style guide your professor asks you to use, you will have a few similarities across all styles. For example, you will have both a list at the end of your research work that contains detailed citations (a Works Cited page), as well as in-text citations or footnotes that give direct credit to authors when and where you use their work.

Need help organizing your sources?

Use a citation management tool to create personalized databases of your source references.

Citation management applications will allow you to:

  • import and organize citations,
  • create folders for different projects,
  • share folders with collaborators on group projects,
  • format citations and create reference lists in various styles, and
  • write and store your personalized notes and annotations. 

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Citation Style Guides







Council of Science Editors (CSE)

IEEE defers to the Chicago Manual of Style for additional rules on grammar and usage not included in their own style manual. UT Arlington Libraries have access to the Chicago Manual both online and in print, listed below.

American Society for Civil Engineers (ASCE)




American Chemical Society (ACS)







Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

The ACM doesn't specify where to defer for additional style rules. Their reference examples closely follow APA format. If you are looking for style rules that do not correspond to the examples in their template, I recommend deferring to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association [APA Manual] for additional rules on style and usage.