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APA Guide: 7th Edition


  • The running head is no longer required in student papers.

  • In professional papers, the words "Running head:" no longer appear on the title page. Only the shortened title and page number should be used.

  • Authors may now use additional fonts (Calibri 11, Arial 11, Lucinda Sans Unicode 10, Times New Roman 12, and Georgia 11).

  • APA now uses more inclusive language, notably the use of the singular "they."


  • Et al. should be used in in-text citations of sources with more than two authors. This change includes the initial citation.


  • Don't state "retrieved from" in the reference list.

  • Websites should now be italicized.

  • Publisher location is no longer needed in the reference entry.

  • DOIs should be listed as a URL.

  • Up to 20 authors for each source should be listed in the reference list. Formerly, APA only required that one list the first 7 authors for a given source.

Click here for more information on these changes implemented in the APA Manual, 7th edition.