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APA Guide: 7th Edition

Article References

See the tabs for how to format a reference. There is the structure (including the periods, abbreviations, and capitalization) and an example for each type of item to be in the reference list.

General Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume         number(issue number), page number. doi

 

Categories Solutions
Journal article with DOI Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page number. doi

Example

Cadigan, R. O., Stevenson, D. G., Caudry, D. J., & Grabowski, D. C. (2015). Private investment purchase and nursing home financial health. Health Services Research, 50(1), 180-196. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6773.12212

Journal article

without DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page number. URL

Example

Purnell, M., Walsh, S., & Milone, M. (2004). Oncology nursing education: Teaching  strategies that work. Nursing Education Perspectives, 25(6), 304-308. http://www.nlnjournal.org/

Journal article with more than twenty authors

Format

List the first nineteen authors' names, add an ellipsis, then list the last author's name. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number),  page  number. doi

Example

Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: Twenty One Pilots, Nicolas Bourbaki, and the empty set. Journal of Improbable Mathematics, 27(1), 1935–1968. https://doi.org/10.0000/3mp7y-537

Advanced Online Publication
(or epub)

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title. Omit missing information and add Advance Online Publication before the DOI or URL.

Example

Hall, E., Lee, S. Y., Clark, P. C., & Perilla, J. (2014). Social ecology of adherence to hypertension treatment in Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/

 

See page 198-202 of the manual and the APA Style Blog post on Advance Online Publications for more information.

Categories Solutions
Print magazine article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year, Month). Article title. Magazine Title, volume number(issue number), page number. DOI

Example

       Example

Online magazine article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year, Month). Article title. Magazine Title, volume number(issue number). URL

Example

Example

 

See page 320 of the manual for more information.

Categories Solutions
Print newspaper article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Date). Article title. Newspaper Title, page number.

Example

Hubbard, B. (2015, May 24). Young Saudis find freedom on smartphones. The New York Times, pp. 6, 11.

Online newspaper article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Date). Article title. Newspaper Title. URL

Example

Rae, A. (2015, May 25). Nature's waste management crews. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com

 

See page 320 of the manual for more information.

Tips

  • You can find the DOI at CrossRef: 
    http://search.crossref.org/
  • If there is not a DOI available, the URL of the journal's homepage should be provided if the journal is subscription based. If the journal is open access, use the URL where the actual article can be found on the open web.
  • When you cite a magazine article, use the same format as when you cite a journal article, but add the month and day after the year. Example: (2010, August 20).
  • Precede page numbers for newspaper articles and chapters of edited books with p. for one page or pp. for more than one page.
  • If a newspaper article spans nonsequential pages, list all page numbers separated by commas. Example: (pp. A1, A4).
  • If the publication date is not available, use n.d. in place of the date.