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Need help organizing your sources?

Use a citation management tool to create personalized databases of your source references.

Citation management applications will allow you to:

  • import and organize citations,
  • create folders for different projects,
  • share folders with collaborators on group projects,
  • format citations and create reference lists in various styles, and
  • write and store your personalized notes and annotations. 

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  • Zotero Guide
    Last Updated May 3, 2022 2364 views this year

IEEE Citation Style

IEEE defers to the Chicago Manual of Style for additional rules on grammar and usage not included in their own style manual.

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Citation Style

The ACM doesn't specify where to defer for additional style rules. Their reference examples closely follow APA format. If you are looking for style rules that do not correspond to the examples in their template, I recommend deferring to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association [APA Manual] for additional rules on style and usage.

Modern Language Association (MLA) Citation Style

Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style