Information literacy is a set of abilities allowing individuals to “recognize when information is needed and how to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." (American Library Association, 1989). Information literacy content focuses on the process of finding, analyzing and making decisions based on this information that is the foundation for evidence-based practice.
American Library Association. (1989). Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. Chicago: American Library Association. http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency#ildef
Association of College and Research Libraries: Introduction to Information Literacy