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Nursing Research: APA Citations

This guide centralized information for Nursing Research.

Citing APA

Categories Solutions
Journal article with DOI Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page number. doi

Example

Cadigan, R. O., Stevenson, D. G., Caudry, D. J., & Grabowski, D. C. (2015). Private investment purchase and nursing home financial health. Health Services Research, 50(1), 180-196. doi:10.1111/1475-6773.12212

Journal article

without DOI

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page  number. Retrieved from URL

Example

Purnell, M., Walsh, S., & Milone, M. (2004). Oncology nursing education: Teaching  strategies that work. Nursing Education Perspectives, 25(6), 304-308. Retrieved from http://www.nlnjournal.org/

Journal article with more than seven authors

Format

List the first six authors' names, add an ellipsis, then list the last author's name. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number),  page  number. doi

Example

McDonald, A., Frazer, K., Duignan, C., Healy, M., Irving, A., Marteinsson, P., . . . McNicholas, E. (2015). Validating the ‘Intervention Wheel’ in the context of Irish public health nursing. British Journal of Community Nursing, 20(3), 140-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2015.20.3.140

Advanced Online Publication
(or epub)

Format

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title. Omit missing information and add Advance Online Publication before the DOI or URL.

Example

Hall, E., Lee, S. Y., Clark, P. C., & Perilla, J. (2014). Social ecology of adherence to hypertension treatment in Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. Advance online publication. doi:

 

See page 198-202 of the manual and the APA Style Blog post on Advance Online Publications for more information.

General Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.​

 

 

Categories Solutions

A print book with

one author

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example

Johnson, P. (2003). Art: A new history. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

A print book with

more than

one author

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book: Use capital letter for the first word for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Example

Kamruzzaman, J., Begg, R., & Sarker, R. A. (2006). Artificial neural networks in finance and manufacturing. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Pub.

Electronic Book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book. Retrieved from URL 

Example

Lenarz, T., & Wriggers, P. (2014). Biomedical Technology. Retrieved from http://www.eblib.com

Volume book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of book (Volume Number). Location: Publisher.

Example

De Certeau, M., Giard, L., Mayol, P., & Tomasik, T. J. (1998). The practice of everyday life: Living and cooking (Vol. 2). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Book chapter from an edited book Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of chapter. In Author's First Initial. Middle initial. Last Name (Eds.), Title of book (page number/s). Location: Publisher.

Example

Elkana, Y. (1975). The problem of knowledge. In Weiss, P. A. (Eds.), Knowledge in search of understanding: The Frensham papers (pp.91-104). NY: Futura Publishing Company, Inc..

Dictionary entry or encyclopedia article Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year). Title of entry. In Editor First Initial. Second Initial. Last Name (Ed.), Title of reference work (Vol. #, pp. #).Location: Publisher.

Example

Musket. (2003). In The new encyclopedia britannica (Vol. 8, pp. 449). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc..

Entire edited book  Format

Editor's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial (Ed.). (Publication Year). Title of book.Location: Publication.

Example

Oates, J. C. (Ed.). (1992). The Oxford book of American short stories. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Translated book Format

Author Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year). Title of the book. (First Initial, Last name of the translator, Trans.). Location: Publisher. (Provide original work published year if it is available in the parentheses)

Example

Zarraluki, P. (2014). The history of silence. (N. Caistor & L.García, Trans.). Madrid, Spain: Hispabooks.

 

See page 202-205 of the manual for more information.

 

 

Categories Solutions

Webpage*

 

Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial., & Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Day). Title of document. Retrieved from URL

Example

Monteverde, M. (2011, October). Budgeting and money management. Retrieved from http://rosenpub.net/articles/budgeting.html

Blog Format

Author's Last Name, First Initial. (Publication Year, Month and Day). Title [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Example

Aguilar, E. (2015, May 17). Inside the mind of this coach: What was I thinking?! [Blog Post]. Retrieved from http://blogs.edweek.org/teachers/coaching_teachers/2015/05/inside_the_mind_of_this_coach_.htm

 

MORE ON AUTHOR: The author may be an institutional author; this is very common for webpages. In the case of an institutional author, cite the full institutional name in the author name place (examples below).

EXAMPLES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). Adolescent health.Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/adolescenthealth/index.htm

World Health Organization. (2015). Physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs385/en/

Federal Statutes (USC, Pub L., Stat):

In-Text Citation:      Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974

If a formal name of the law is not available (e.g., there is only a U.S. Code citation),  some authors include the legal citation in the text only, e.g.:18 U.S.C. § 2258,  and exclude it from the References list. 

APA prefers the law be identified by name and entered into the References list whenever possible.

You can get the § symbol by typing ALT 0167

References List Format 1  (Name of law with US Code citation only):

Name of law, title # U.S.C. § section #.

Example Entry:

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974, 42 USC §§5101–5106.

 

References List Format 2  (with Public Law and/or Statutes at Large information):

Name of law,  Pub. L. ##-##, volume Stat. page, codified as amended at title U.S.C. § section #.

Example Entry:   

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974, Pub. L. 93-247, 88 Stat. 4, codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. §§5101–5106.

More information is available on the APA Blog

When writing a paper using APA style, be sure to use the following formatting guidelines:

Fonts: The preferred font of APA is Times New Roman 12 pt.

Margins: Margins should be 1 inch on all sides.

Page Numbers: Page numbers should be placed in the document header, flush right.

Spacing: The entire document should be double-spaced.

Page Breaks: There should be page breaks (i.e., start a new page) at the Introduction and the References.

JustificationAll paragraphs should be indented at 0.5". Keep the body of paragraphs flush left and the right margin uneven/ragged.

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