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"Ecocriticism is the study of literature and environment from an interdisciplinary point of view where all sciences come together to analyze the environment and brainstorm possible solutions for the correction of the contemporary environmental situation. Ecocriticism was officially heralded by the publication of two seminal works, both published in mid-1990s: The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology, edited by Cheryll Glotfelty and Harold Fromm, and The Environmental Imagination: Thoreau, Nature Writing, and the Formation of American Culture, by Lawrence Buell." For more information, go to Wikipedia on Ecocriticism.
Definition Comes From EASLCE
"Ecocriticism is the youngest of the revisionist movements that have swept the humanities over the past few decades. It was only in the 1990s that it began to gain momentum, first in the US and in the UK, as more and more literary scholars began to ask what their field has to contribute to our understanding of the unfolding environmental crisis. Initially focused on the reappraisal of Romanticism (as the moment in Western cultural history when still reigning conceptions of nature were formed) and its cultural progeny, it has since broadened to address the question, in all of its dimensions, how can cultures construct and are in turn constructed by the non-human world." For more on this definition, please go to EASLCE.
Definition Comes From ASLE
"Simply defined, ecocriticism is the study of the relationship between literature and the physical environment. Just as feminist criticism examines language and literature from a gender-conscious perspective, and Marxist criticism brings an awareness of modes of production and economic class to its reading of texts, ecocriticism takes an earth-centered approach to literary studies." For more on this definition, please go to ASLE.