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Hierarchy of Social Work Evidence
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a process which involves critical thinking and evaluation of information to determine the most effective and efficient treatment for your client or community. It is a three pronged approach, taking into consideration:
- The Practitioner's Individual Expertise
- The Client's Values and Expectations
- The Best Evidence
Evidence-Based Practice Resources
Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions
From: Gibbs, L. (2003). Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions: A Practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia, Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/ Cole an Imprint of Wadsworth Publishers.
SAMHSA's National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a searchable online registry of mental health and substance abuse interventions that have been reviewed and rated by independent reviewers. this program is offered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Social Work Policy Institute Resources on Evidence-Based Practice
The Social Work Policy Institute, a think tank established by the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) provides this helpful resource with links to many free EBP databases. Because these are free many of the articles and reviews may only provide an abstract, not the full article. For the complete resource use library subscription versions.
1. Formulate a client, community, or policy-related question
2. Systematically search the literature (published evidence)
3. Appraise findings for quality and applicability
4. Apply these findings and considerations in practice
5. Evaluate the results.
Systematic Reviews & Meta-analyses
Campbell Collaboration - Research Evidence
Find systematic and meta-analytic reviews produced by the Campbell Collaboration in the social sciences broadly. Areas studied include social welfare, international development, business and other social topics.
The Cochrane Library
Find systematic and meta-analytical reviews produced by the Cochrane Group. Cochrane is the gold standard for systematic reviews and identifying evidence-based practices in medical and allied health fields.