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Biology Lab Manual Workshops: CSE Workshop

Help for students in introduction to biology labs: using Excel, conducting a literature review, and citing using CSE

Introduction

Council of Science Editors 8th Edition, Name Date format

 

Example of a journal that uses this style:
Journal of Food Science

In Text Citations

In-Text Citations (CSE, 29.2.1)

Each time you refer to information gathered from another source, whether this information is directly quoted, paraphrased, or summarized, you must provide a reference for that information. This allows your reader to find your source material by using your Reference page at the end of your paper. The standard for in-text citations is the Name-Year format.

 

 

Format Example
One Author (Last Name Year) (Smith 2015)
Two Authors (Name and Name Year) (Smith and Jones 2015)
Three or More Authors (Name et al. Year) (Smith et al. 2015)
Organization as Author (Organization Name Year) (CDC 2016)

Reference Page Citations

End References and Reference Lists (CSE, 29.3)

  • What to include in your reference list: Any materials you have seen and used to write your paper. This includes published articles, books, conference proceedings, dissertations, and websites. Alphabetize your list by the first listed author’s last name.
  • What not to include in your reference list: Information cited in another document (secondary information). You are expected to find the original material if you want to include the information in your paper.

Author Information (CSE, 29.3.6.1): The first part of every reference is the author information. The author is the name of the group or person responsible for the creation of the work. In situations where this is no clear author, you will begin the citation with the name of the work being cited.         

  Format Example
One Author Last Name First Initial Middle Initial Smith SJ.
2-10 Authors Last Name First Initial Middle Initial of each author Smith SJ, Jones M, Noble DA, Tyler RB, Harkness CJ, Desouza LC, Pond A.
More than 10 Authors Last Name First Initial Middle Initial of first 10 authors, followed by et al. Smith SJ, Jones M, Noble DA, Tyler RB, Harkness CJ, Desouza  LC, Pond A, Williams RN, Song  MR, Oswald CO, et al.
No Author Start with the title of the work Handbook of geriatric drug  therapy.
Organization as Author Name of the responsible organization American Chemical Society.
Commonly Abbreviated Organization as Author [Abbreviation] Full Name [IOM] Institute of Medicine

 

Book Reference (CSE, 29.3.7.2)

Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher.

Shapiro BS. 2015. How to clone a mammoth: the science of de-extinction. Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press.

 

Journal Reference (CSE, 29.3.7.1)

Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal Title. Volume(issue):location.

Note: In CSE, journal titles are abbreviated based on ISO standards. PubMed provides these  abbreviations as part of their citation information.

Jean S, Tanya JL, Montone K, McGrath C, Lage-Alvarez MM, Chu CS. 2012. Papillary thyroid cancer arising in struma ovarii. J Obstet Gynaecol. 32(3):222-226.

The doi can also be added to the end of the citation:

Jean S, Tanya JL, Montone K, McGrath C, Lage-Alvarez MM, Chu CS. 2012. Papillary thyroid cancer arising in struma ovarii. J Obstet Gynaecol. 32(3):222-226. doi:10.3109/01443615.2011.645921.

Journal Published Online (i.e. Journal accessed through PubMed Central)

Author(s). Date. Article title. Journal Title. [date updated; date accessed]:Volume(issue):location.

Mitsui K, Ide K, Takayama A, Wada T, Ireie R, Kosai K. 2015. Conditionally replicating adenovirus prevents pluripotent stem cell-derived teratoma by specifically eliminating undifferentiated cells. Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev. [accessed 2015 August 19]. 2(15026): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4533615/.

A DOI can also be added after the access URL, if it is available.

Web Page Citation (CSE, 29.3.7.13)

Title of Homepage [Internet]. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date accessed]. Notes.

Top ten Ebola response planning tips: Ebola readiness self-assessment for state and local public health officials [Internet]. 2015. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; [updated 2015 April 27; accessed 2015 August 19]. http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/preparedness/planning-tips-top10.html

Using PubMed to Help with a Citation

PubMed has almost everything you need, formatted in the way you want it, for a CSE Citation.

1) Authors: The names of the authors are listed in the proper format.  Remove the hyperlinks and super-scripted numbers for a correct format.

Furuse Y1, Oshitani H2.--> Furuse Y, Oshitani H.

2) Year: Just include the year of publication, not the month or day.

3) Journal article: The format for article titles in PubMed is the same as what CSE uses: Sentence case, only proper nouns capitalized

4) Journal Title: The abbreviated journal title is given here, in the same format you need to use in a CSE Citaiton.  Just remove the hyperlink:

Int J Infect Dis.-->Int J Infect Dis.

5) Volume, issue, page range.  Give this information exactly as it's given in PubMed--it has already found the relevant information and formatted it for you with the correct style rules.

51:6-14.