Timeliness of information
When was the information published?
Is the information current and up-to-date?
Has it been revised or updated? When? Should it have been updated?
If online: are the links functional?
Uniqueness of information and importance to research needs
Does the information relate to your topic?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. too elementary or too advanced)?
Can you find the same or better information in another source?
Source of information
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author’s credentials? Any organizational affiliations?
Is this author qualified to write on the topic?
If online: examine the domain (.gov, .edu, or .com). Can you find the author’s contact information?
Reliability and correctness of information
Is the information supported by evidence? Can you verify it from another source?
Has the information been peer reviewed or refereed?
Does the language seem biased? Is the tone free of emotion?
Are there any typos, spelling, or grammatical errors?
Presence of bias, reason the information exists
What is the purpose of the information: to inform, teach, sell, entertain, etc.?
Is the information fact, opinion, or propaganda?
Is the point-of-view objective and impartial?
Do the authors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Exercise: The Science of Male Pregnancy