In this course, the conquest and colonization of the Americas is considered, with special attention to the struggles of native peoples in Guatemala, Canada, Brazil, Panama, and colonial New England. In two segments of the course-one devoted to the Jesuit missionization of the Huron in the 1630s, the other to struggles between the government of Panama and the Kuna between 1900 and 1925-students examine primary documents such as letters, reports, and court records, to draw their own conclusions.
"Led by legendary cities of gold and mythical passages to China, foiled by international intrigue and mutiny on the high seas, men like Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, Henry Hudson, Jean Ribault, and Vitus Bering left an indelible mark on a vast new continent. Expedition logs, period accounts, and other primary materials help tell the story of America's exploration. Filled with commentary from leading scholars and on-site re-enactments."
"This program provides a portrait of Cortez and his world -- the real world and the imaginary one painted by theologians, mystics, imaginative travelers, poets, and liars; of the New World as seen by a small number of Spaniards; and of the civilizations of Mesoamerica before they were 'discovered' -- the world of the Mayas and Aztecs, the nature of Aztec religion and politics. "
"The 19th century brought tumultuous political change to Central and South America. This program shows how the cultural crucible of the region fused and realigned aesthetic movements considered sacrosanct in Europe-specifically, Romanticism, Realism and Naturalism. Viewers will gain an understanding of the eclectic matching game that become typical of Latin American literature."
Films about the Discovery and Conquest of the New World
"As Mexico was born through the fusion of two traditions, a unique culture emerged--one that embraced liberal philosophies, such as those promulgated by Rousseau and Voltaire. Just as the Catholic Church once targeted the indigenous cultures, so too did it seek to suppress this new tradition. Nonetheless, Mexico during this period gave birth to such great philosophers as Sor Juana Inez de la Cruz. This program examines the clash between the emerging culture of the New World and the Old."
"The language and culture of Spain first arrived in the New World with Cortés. Since then, American Spanish has evolved into a hybrid that partakes of Nahuatl and other indigenous languages. This program explores the cultural conquest of Mesoamerica through language, religion, and technology such as the printing press-- and the influences that the native cultures exerted to give birth to the Spanish of Latin America"