"I loved the idea of looking at something as populist as comics to reveal our cultural obsessions, and in particular, how women’s roles have changed over time. The narratives of our most iconic superheroes, told and re-told over decades, boldly outline our shifting values. ... I hope the film also conveys the unpredictable ways those icons can shape and even transform us in return. ... we all need those iconic heroes that tell us we have the power to slay our dragons and don’t have to wait around to be rescued." –Kristy Guevara-Flanagan
Superheroes and superheroines are a genre that are closely associated with the format of the comic book. This weeks readings will give context to the next few classes.
Topics this week: Super heroine comics: the early years
Topics this week:
The Comics Code Authority: “Good Shall Triumph over Evil”: The Comic Book Code of 1954
Legacy characters: Batgirl, Ms. Marvel (also Spider-Woman, She-Hulk)
Social issues in comics
Influence of feminist movement: Invisible Girl becomes Invisible Woman (in the 1990s), Marvel Girl becomes Phoenix
Teenage superheroes rather then sidekicks (Kitty Pryde, Cloak & Dagger)
For this week purchase the Wonder Woman comics and then
the 3 Marvel comics
the 3 Batgirl comics.
Mainstreaming of comics : DC Animated Universe, Marvel Animated Universe, movies, etc.
Writer’s last name, first name, title. Title of work. Art by first name last name. Colors by first name last name. Letters by first name last name. Publication city: Publisher, year. Medium of publication.
Wein, Len, writer. Giant-Size X-Men No. 1. Art by Dave Cockrum. Colors by Glynis Wein. Letters by John Costanza. New York: Marvel Comics, 1975. Print.
Wilson, G. Willow, writer. Ms. Marvel No. 3. Art by Adrian Alphona. Colors by Ian Herring. Letters by VC's Joe Caramagna. New York: Marvel Entertainment, 2014. Print.
Title. Dir. Director's first name and last name. Perf. Primary performers' first names and last names. Studio name, Year.
The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, 1995. Film.
In-text citations are the same for comics as they are for other print materials. In parentheses after your quoted or paraphrased materials, enter the author's name and the page number it is found on. So, it would like this:
(Author's last name page number)
In the case of comics, "author" can refer to the writer or artist, so, if there are three or less people responsible for the content of the comic, include their last names in your in-text citation. If more than three people are responsible for the writing and art of the comic, just list the writer's last name followed by "et al."
(Beechen et al. 11)